If you live in a local community you have everything to gain by preventing new houses being built.
- If planning restrictions occur then the shortage of supply will drive up prices. You will see a gain in wealth, and the only thing you need to do is prevent new houses being built.
- Less congestion on roads and public amenities
- Will be able to enjoy unspoilt views across the countryside.
- Planning restrictions on building houses reduce the value of land. Therefore, other uses of the land in that area become more profitable.
- Environmental arguments. In addition to these reasons, supporters of planning restrictions can also use environmental arguments e.g. protect green belt land. These arguments are not without merit; nobody would want to see England covered in concrete. But, often environmental arguments can be used as a mask for the real reason which is desire to see house price rise. It is possible to build houses without destroying too much green belt land.
It is local politics that explains why it is so difficult for the government to meet its national target of building more houses. Everybody agrees we need to build more houses, it is just that we don't want them to be built in our local area. ( a similar idea to nuclear power).