Thursday, June 7, 2007

Why increase in % of Part time workers

Why has there been an increase in the number of part time workers?

  • Increase in service sector. Many jobs in catering and retail lend themselves to part time. Manufacturing jobs tend to be full time
  • Increased female participation in labour markets. The number of women in the labour market has increased due to changing social trends and rise in childcare provision. However, many women returning to work prefer part time work so that they can look after children as well.
  • However, there has also been an increase in the number of men doing part time work,
  • Increased labour market flexibility. In response to increased competitiveness of globalisation, firms are seeking to cut costs. One way is to only employ workers when they are needed, therefore part time and temporary workers are one way to do this. However, part time workers don't necessarily increase productivity, they tend to have less loyalty and are less likely to get training suitable for the job. Labour turnover is higher for part time workers.
  • national minimum wage. This has increased the pay of low skilled workers. Therefore, it has encouraged firms to be more careful with employing people.

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